National Millennium Time Capsule
Time Capsule
National Millennium Time Capsule
Time Capsule

"Think of the items, the events and the ideas of the century that you would put into a time capsule, that you think would really represent the United States and the American century: A transistor? [the sounds of] Louis Armstrong's trumpet? A piece of the Berlin Wall? Take any of these items, and it alone could tell a story of the 20th century. It was, after all, the transistor that launched the Information Age, and enabled man to walk on the moon. It was Satchmo's trumpet that heralded the rise of jazz and of American music all over the world. And it was a broken block of concrete covered in graffiti from the Berlin Wall that announced the triumph of democracy over dictatorship. These are just some of the items that will be placed, along with the scores of other objects representing the ideas and innovations that shaped the American century, into our National Millennium Time Capsule."

First Lady Hillary Rodham Clinton, December 31, 1999

The sounds of Louis Armstrong …a photograph of U.S. troops liberating a concentration camp…children's art…women's rights…the electronics revolution…the dream of Martin Luther King, Jr….transoceanic cable… broadcasts of the Metropolitan Opera…fiber stronger than steel…the literary works of William Faulkner…public commitment to education… the Hawaiian State flag…landing on the Moon …our diverse heritage…a model of the Liberty Bell and the freedom it represents…

What artifacts, ideas, or accomplishments represent America at this time in history? What hopes and dreams occupy the hearts of Americans young and old? President and Mrs. Clinton wanted to give Americans one hundred years from now a time capsule to help them answer those questions. The White House Millennium Council asked former presidential and congressional medal winners from diverse fields of accomplishment, as well as students from across the country, to describe what they think represents America at the end of the 20th century and to express their hopes for the future. Over 1,300 students and medallists responded.

President and Mrs. Clinton created the White House Millennium Council in 1997 with the theme "Honor the Past-Imagine the Future." They hoped to give every American an opportunity to mark the millennium in ways that celebrate our democracy, strengthen communities, and leave lasting "gifts to the future." The items and ideas in this exhibit are just some of the contents that will be placed in the National Millennium Time Capsule as a gift from us to our heirs one hundred years from now. The full list of those who contributed and what they suggested follows below.

Fashioned in variants of steel, copper, and titanium that reflect our past, present, and future, the waving flag design of the Time Capsule evokes the dynamic nature of who we are together-states forming a nation bound by a heritage both common and diverse and a people ever on the move.

The National Millennium Time Capsule was designed to provide the most responsible, long-term storage of the papers and objects to ensure that the sights, sounds, written words, and objects in the Capsule arrive in the 22nd century in the best possible condition. Custom-made packaging protects each item and the Capsule is vented to allow the contents to benefit from the controlled environment of the National Archives and Records Administration.

The White House Millennium Council extends its grateful thanks to Pentagram Design, Inc. which created the design of this unique time capsule, the National Teacher of the Year program, the United States Department of Education, the Smithsonian Institution, and the National Archives and Records Administration for exhibiting and storing the National Millennium Time Capsule.

"There is no better moment to reflect on our hopes and dreams, and the gifts we want to leave our children; no better opportunity to open a new chapter of progress and possibility for all people; no better time to join hands and build the one America of our dreams; no better time to be a truly good neighbor to the people of the world who share this smaller and smaller planet of ours. So as we honor the past, let us truly imagine the future. I hope every single one of you…will take just a little time to dream about what you want for your grandchildren and their grandchildren, and what you would like the story of the 21st century to be."

President William Jefferson Clinton, December 31, 1999

National Medal Winners

Ambrose, Stephen, National Humanities Medal, 1998
Recognition of the American G.I.

AT&T, National Medal of Arts, 1992
Cell phone as a representation of the ubiquity of phone service

Augustine, Norman R., National Medal of Technology, 1997
Tandem ideas of democracy and free enterprise

Avery, Mary Ellen, National Medal of Science, 1991
Discovery of DNA

Bahcall, John N., National Medal of Science, 1998
Color photo of Eagle Nebulae taken from the Hubble Telescope

Battin, Patricia, National Humanities Medal, 1999
Suggestion of various forms of book construction and deterioration (20th century acid-based paper, microfilm, eBook)

Bechtel, Stephen, National Medal of Technology, 1991
Cell phone

Benacerraf, Baruj, National Medal of Science, 1990
Discovery of DNA

Bloch, Konrad E., National Medal of Science, 1987
Millennium Council Motto "Honor the Past-Imagine the Future"

Bott, Raoul, National Medal of Science, 1987
Figures encoding design of the semi-simple Lie groups

Brubeck, David, National Medal of Arts, 1994
Personal composition, "Mass: To Hope!" CD

Burns, Ken, National Humanities Medal, 1991
Suggested Louis Armstrong's trumpet. Included is a 1928 original pressing of "West End Blues" by Louis Armstrong, donated by Jack Bradley, Board Member, Louis Armstrong Archives

Cantor, Iris, National Medal of Arts, 1995
Reproductions of children's art work about Michelangelo and Rodin

Carter, President Jimmy, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1999
Statement on human rights

Charles, Ray, National Medal of Arts, 1993
Mr. Charles' sunglasses, autographed case, autographed photos, book and cassette

Charren, Peggy, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1995
Public library card

Chu, Paul C.W., National Medal of Science, 1988
Discovery of high temperature superconductivity, sample of YBCO

Cohen, Stanley, National Medal of Science, 1988

Coles, Robert, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1998
Ideals of life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness

Cooley, Denton, National Medal of Technology, 1998, National Medal of Freedom, 1984
Developments in heart surgery including first artificial heart now at Smithsonian

Cuomo, Jerry (Jerome), National Medal of Technology, 1995
Progress in data storage technology, and a mini disk player

Davidson, Norman, National Medal of Science, 1996
Piece of Berlin Wall, discovery of DNA, and discovery of the nuclear bomb

Dehmelt, Hans, National Medal of Science, 1995
Hopes for a modern intellectual and artistic flowering on par with the Renaissance

Dennard, Robert H., National Medal of Technology, 1988
The "DRAM Evolution," a card with 3 generations of DRAM

Diamond, David, National Medal of Arts, 1995
Hopes for new strides in imagination and craftsmanship

Diamond, Irene, National Medal of Arts, 1999
Banning handguns and other weapons

Dillon, Douglas, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1989
Recognition of Kennedy Administration achievements with a Kennedy $.50 piece (Uncirculated, 1964)

Dove, Rita, National Humanities Medal, 1996
The Norton Anthology of African American Literature

Drickamer, Harry, National Medal of Science, 1989
First point contact transistor, Pentium III Processor

Evans, Bob O., National Medal of Technology, 1985
Solid Logic Technology module

Ford, President Gerald, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1999
Statement on the accomplishments of the century and hopes for the future

Franklin, John Hope, National Humanities Medal, 1993
The 14th Amendment

Friday, William, National Humanities Medal, 1997
America's commitment to the education of its citizenry

Gambino, Richard J., National Medal of Technology, 1995, National Medal of Science, 1999
Mini-Disk player and two speeches of President Clinton's

Gates Jr., Henry Louis, National Humanities Medal, 1998
"Encarta Africana 2000" CD and book, entitled Africana: The Encyclopedia of the African and African American Experience, edited by himself and Kwame Anthony Appiah

Graves, Michael, National Medal of Arts, 1999
Poster of the Washington Monument restoration scaffolding designed by him

Green, Ernest, Congressional Gold Medal, 1999
One of the "Little Rock Nine," a copy of his diploma from Little Rock Central High School

Guerrero, Eduardo, National Medal of Arts, 1996
Lyrics and CD recording of El Chicano

Gund, Agnes, National Medal of Arts, 1997
Hans Namuth's film of Jackson Pollock painting

Haas, Karl, National Humanities Medal, 1991
CD "The Romantic Piano" and statement on development of recorded music and radio broadcasting of it

Hackerman, Norman, National Medal of Science, 1993
Model of first transistor developed at Bell Telphone Laboratories

Hanes, R. Philip, National Medal of Arts, 1991
Millennium Edition of Who's Who in America

Heilmeier, George, National Medal of Science, 1991
Electronic and information services advancements, organic Thin-Film transistors

Henley, Don, National Humanities Medal, 1997
Suggestions from the fields of music, the environment, literature, and others

Hilleman, Dr. Maurice, National Medal of Science, 1988
Six vials of vaccines and report describing their development

Joel, Amos, National Medal of Technology, 1993
Innovations in technology, MEMS 16x16 (256) Mirror (Optical Switch Array)

Johnson, Marvin M., National Medal of Technology, 1985
Discovery of plastics

Joyce, William H., National Medal of Technology, 1993
Transoceanic telephone cable

Kerr, Richard J., Presidential Citizens Medal, 1991
Piece of the Berlin Wall

Kiley, Dan, National Medal of Arts, 1997
Book: Dan Kiley: The Complete Works of America's Master Landscape Architect

Kozmetsky, Dr. George, National Medal of Technology, 1993
Sample micro-chip, a photo depicting the ethnic diversity of America, and stock certificates from largest 1899/1900 and 1999/2000 companies

Kwolek, Dr. Stephanie, National Medal of Technology, 1996
Sample of KEVLAR® fiber and statement on development of man-made fibers

Lang, Eugene M., Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1996
The essential role of education in fostering the growth of America

Leder, Dr. Philip, National Medal of Science, 1989
Letter nominating a copy of the genetic code

Lederberg, Joshua, National Medal of Science, 1989
Photographs of a variety of momentous images (liberation of Buchenwald, view of earth from space, and mushroom cloud over Hiroshima)

Ledley, Robert, National Medal of Technology, 1997
Parts of his original ACTA-Scanner machine (CAT Scan) and textbook he wrote to teach users how to read the scans.

Liepmann, Hans W., National Medal of Technology, 1993, National Medal of Science, 1986
The transistor, discoveries in genetics, his immigrant impressions of America

Linowitz, Sol M., Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1998
Report on world hunger

The MacDowell Colony, National Medal of Arts, 1997
A description of the MacDowell Colony for artists

Mankiller, Wilma, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1998
The Cherokee alphabet

Marcus, Randolph A., National Medal of Science, 1989
The variety of scientific achievements, including the Marcus Inverted Region

Marty, Martin E., National Humanities Medal, 1997
Abraham Lincoln's Second Inaugural address

Mayo, John, National Medal of Technology, 1990
The digital integrated circuit and the transistor, six inch silicon wafer with SC2 Devices

McCullough, David, National Humanities Medal, 1995
A Boston Public Library card, the first public library to allow readers to take books home

Minnesota Historical Society, National Humanities Medal, 1997
A hope that American leadership, through its museums and cultural organizations, will strengthen a vision of global community and global responsibility

Mitchell, Sen. George J., Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1999
The Bill of Rights

Nathan, David, National Medal of Science, 1990
Discovery of structure of DNA

Nowak, Jan, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1996
The Liberty Bell and the freedom it represents

Parks, Rosa, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1996, Congressional Gold Medal, 1999
Book entitled Quiet Strength featuring famous photo of Rosa Parks sitting on bus once buses were desegregated and Dear Mrs. Parks: A Dialogue with Today's Youth

Parsons, John T., National Medal of Technology, 1985
The development of numerical control

Patrick, Ruth, National Medal of Science, 1996
Vial of diatoms (unicellular plants that indicate water conditions)

Peck, Gregory, National Medal of Arts, 1998
Film of Neil Armstrong's moon landing

Powell, Gen. Colin L., Presidential Medals of Freedom, 1991, 1993, Congressional Gold Medal, 1991, Presidential Citizens Medal
"Dog Tags" honoring the American GI

Prenshaw, Peggy, National Humanities Medal, 1994
William Faulkner's speech upon receiving the Nobel Prize for Literature

Reagan, President Ronald, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1993
A piece of the Berlin Wall

Richardson, the Hon. Elliott, Presidential Medal of Freedom, 1998
The importance of democracy

Roberts, John D., National Medal of Science, 1990
The development of instruments for chemical analysis specifically Arnold Beckman's contribution

Roth, Philip, National Medal of Arts, 1998
William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying and Light in August, Saul Bellow's The Adventures of Augie March and Herzog

Ruiz, Ramon Eduardo, National Humanities Medal, 1998
Hopes for an end to racial bigotry and to involvement in the affairs of other nations

Sara Lee Corporation, National Medal of Arts, 1998
Sara Lee Millennium Gift Art Catalog and profiles of Frontrunner winners

Schlesinger, Arthur, Jr., National Humanities Medal, 1998
The testing and triumph of democracy against its totalitarian foes, the leadership of Abraham Lincoln and Franklin Delano Roosevelt, and Eleanor Roosevelt as a symbol for the new power of women in the 20th century

Segal, George, National Medal of Arts, 1999
A celebration of diversity

Singer, Maxine, National Medal of Science, 1992
A DNA chip

Steinberger, Jack, National Medal of Science, 1988

Steppenwolf Theatre Company, National Medal of Arts, 1998
Steppenwolf adaptation of The Grapes of Wrath

Stookey, Stanley Donald, National Medal of Technology, 1994
A piece of Corning Ware because it may last 1,000 years and is in most American homes.

Sutter, Joseph F., National Medal of Technology, 1985
Developments in Aviation

Tallchief, Maria, National Medal of Arts, 1999
Mentoring of children and young adults

Taylor, Paul, National Medal of Arts, 1993
A copy of his autobiography Private Domain

Texaco, National Medal of Arts, 1991
Mementos of the sixty year history of Texaco's support for the Metropolitan Opera including recordings of the first and last broadcasts of the century from 1940 and 1999

Thiebaud, Wayne, National Medal of Arts, 1994
Hope for the future that arts play a more prominent role in our lives

Venturi, Robert and Denise Scott Brown, National Medal of Arts, 1992
Poster commemorating "the genius of the American-vernacular/roadside-commercial landscape"

Watson, Doc, National Medal of Arts, 1997
The ideals that have preserved our nation

Watson, Dr. James D., National Medal of Science, 1997
CD-ROM of the human genome

Whinnery, John R., National Medal of Science, 1992
The digital computer and laser powered fiber optic communication

Whitesides, Dr. George, National Medal of Science, 1998
Suggests a birth control pill and the idea of gender equality

Wilbur, Richard, National Medal of Arts, 1994
The transforming social programs of the New Deal

Wills, Garry, National Humanities Medal, 1998
Jane Addams' Hull House demographic maps

Wilson, August, National Humanities Medal, 1999
Bessie Smith's recording of "Nobody in Town Can Bake a Sweet Jellyroll Like Mine"

Wolfe, Ethyle, National Humanities Medal, 1990
Importance of recognizing the crucial relationship between the past and the future, and of the critical role of memory and hope in guiding the present

Woodland, N. Joseph, National Medal of Technology, 1992
Bar code technology

Yau, Shing-Tung, National Medal of Science, 1997
Description of the "Unification of Mathematics and Physics"

Young Audiences, National Medal of Arts, 1994
A piece of children's artwork

3M, National Medal of Technology, 1995
Post-it Notes and Scotch Tape

Student Group Submissions

Alabama Litchfield High School, Gadsden
"At the end of the 20th century, America seems to be far too concerned with the materialistic perspective of life. Our hope for the future would be a revitalized pursuit of the moral excellence inherent in self-sacrifice, patriotism, and doing "the right thing'' just because it's the right thing." A single dollar bill was included to symbolize materialism.

Alaska Seward Middle School, Seward
"Of all things that are a part of modern America, electronic technology is by far the most important in how it affects our day to day lives and our understanding of the world."

Arizona Palomino Elementary School, Phoenix
Arizona 2nd graders chose a computer to represent the 20th century in America. The students submitted a large, crayon-colored picture of a computer with dancers on the screen along with the phrase "Presiona rechur para continuar" (press return to continue).

Arkansas Carl W. Stuart Middle School, Conway
"Hometown newspapers are still vital to the education of our citizens and continue to be one of the best bargains in our society." Students submitted a copy of their hometown newspaper, the Log Cabin Democrat, as a symbol for hometown newspapers around the country.

California High School, San Ramon
"The Past and our Future: In the 21st century our generation will stand up against ignorance and hate and unite across foreign boundaries as we become citizens of the world." Students submitted a collage titled, "California and the Nation" featuring images of famous Californians and California locations.

Connecticut Tolland High School, Tolland
"Our idea that represents America at the end of the 20th century is an image of our greatest achievement of this century, man landing on the moon. We choose to depict this achievement through the eyes of a homeless person as he watches the event on the television screen in a department store window. We believe this image represents the wonderful achievements in science, media and technology that we have made in this century, as well as the need to end personal suffering on this earth, yet to be achieved."

Colorado East Ridge Elementary, Aurora
Individual statements of hope

District of Columbia Burrville Elementary School
Individual statements of hope

Delaware Mount Pleasant Elementary School, Wilmington
"At the end of 1999 we are really worried about smoking, drugs, and alcohol because they kill you. If you drink when you are driving you can get severely hurt or die. Smoking gives you bad breath. If you smoke and you don't put it out it can start a fire. We want to see the world 'cigarette-less.'"

Florida Inverness Primary School, Inverness
Individual statements of hope

Georgia Bay Spring Middle School, Villa Rica
Individual statements of hope

Guam John F. Kennedy High School, Tamuning
"Living on an island and with many of our children coming from islands throughout the Pacific, the coconut tree holds much symbolism for us. The tree, like our country, is bountiful and life-giving…it is strong like America."

Hawaii Olomana, Kailu
"Students at Olomana School selected the Hawaii state flag as the artifact to be included from our state in the time capsule because they felt that it had historical significance with our past, present, and future."

Idaho Hayden Meadows Elementary, Hayden Lake
"[My students] felt that advances in medicine and the abilities of our military are the best representatives of America at the end of the 20th century. They appreciate the improvements in our lives that medical research has afforded and they appreciate the freedoms we have due to this great country."

Illinois Highland Park High School, Highland Park
"The class chose the idea of advancement to symbolize the United States…The United States continues to advance in the areas of 'promoting and testing' democracy, technology, being a member of a global society, and not mistreating nature. Advancement is a reflection of learning and this country learns from its mistakes."

Indiana (two classes participated)
Ben Davis High School, Indianapolis
"When one thinks of greatest accomplishments, leadership, you can't help but think of one word…America. The atom bomb, man on the moon, and the recovery of the Great Depression. Greatness is our history and future."

Connersville High School, Connersville
"The theme of 'technology' was an overwhelming choice. It is exciting to think that when this time capsule is opened in 2100, things that we haven't even dreamed of yet will have replaced our current technology." Students submitted a collage representing technology in 1999.

Iowa (two classes participated)
Avoca Hancock Shelby Tennant Middle School, Shelby
Students submitted a calendar entitled "From the Farm to You - Products Made From Iowa Commodities."

East High School, Des Moines
Students submitted a 30 minute video cassette tape entitled, "Voices of Change: Students Vignettes about Social and Ethnic Problems and Solutions."

Kansas Emporia High School, Emporia
Students submitted a video in which each student presented his or her own hopes for the future.

Kentucky Price Elementary School, Louisville
"Our idea of an item to represent America at the end of the 20th century for the National Time Capsule is a picture of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. as a Drum Major for peace…Dr. King's image would indicate rights for all Americans with the underlining focus on peace."

Louisiana Northshore High School, Slidell
Individual statements of hope

Minnesota North High School, North Saint Paul
Individual statements of hope

Maine Vinalhaven High School, Vinalhaven
"Technology has improved the quality of life for those entering the 21st century. How much farther can it possibly take us, and how far do we want to go?…Although technology has enhanced learning in the 20th century, enough is enough. The consequences of too much technology are too much to deal with too fast. If we try to slow things down, there will be more time to deal with this country's problems."

Maryland Plum Point Middle School, Huntingtown
Students submitted a representational CD made out of leaves of aluminum foil and imprinted with the following, "Greatest Hits of the 20th Century: 1. Automobiles 2. Airplanes 3. Telephones 4. Radio 5. Television 6. Personal Computers 7. Internet and World Wide Web 8. Rockets 9. Communication Satellites 10. Robots."

Massachusetts Amherst Regional High School, Amherst
Students submitted a Ralph Ellison's book The Invisible Man to highlight "the struggles and promise of America at the end of the twentieth century."

Michigan (two classes participated)
Roosevelt High School, Wyandotte
"We who are here at the turn of the 21st century and the dawn of the new millennium extend our greetings and best wishes to our future generations. We pass on to you the most sacred of our possessions, that which has been defended with blood for the past 224 years, the power of the people."

Eastlawn Elementary School, Midland
"Technology Represents America! We think technology represents America the best because technology is used everywhere. We have space exploration, sites on the Internet are fun to go to, and computers control our life and make our life easier… People of the United States use technology everywhere. There are many different kinds of technology such as appliances, phones, tvs, radios, telescopes and computers. We can't imagine what life in America would be like without technology!"

Mississippi Sudduth Elementary School, Starkville
Mississippi students submitted a laminated booklet containing their hand-written statements of hope along with their fingerprints and a class photo.

Missouri Leland O. Mills Elementary School, Lake Ozark
"Most of my second graders thought that the computer was one of the most important to mention. It has enabled us to be a part of just about any historical moment…We believe that the computer can help bridge differences between countries, bring about understanding, and world peace…By supplying information and statistics about diseases into a computer, treatments and cures may be found. We hope that cures for many diseases will be found in the next 100 years. We look forward to experiencing life in the new millennium."

Montana Lewis and Clark Elementary School, Great Falls
Montana students were asked to bring in a photograph of one thing they thought of when they think of today. The resulting submission, a collage of picture cut-outs, includes images of toys, technology, and political leaders both domestic and foreign.

Nebraska Seward High School, Seward
"Technology will remain a hot topic in the next millennium."

Nevada Green Valley High School, Henderson
Individual statements of hope

New Hampshire John Stark Regional High School, Weare, New Hampshire
"Look at the arts of a particular society and you will understand its culture and the hopes and beliefs of its people. A piece of art from the turn of this century would show something of our freedoms, for we live in a society that allows us to present our ideas, thoughts and feelings in whatever way we choose. The arts represent our freedom to choose, to express and to interpret. The arts are a reflection of the past, a mirror of the present, a window to the future."

New Jersey Parsippany-Troy Hills Township Schools, Parsippany
New Jersey students submitted a computerized, color, modified U.S. Flag with some foreign flags substituted alternately within the field of stars. The image signifies the immigrant history of the United States and the current national and linguistic diversity in their own school.

New Mexico Los Alamos High School, Los Alamos
Individual statements of hope

New York Northport High School, Northport
New York students submitted pictures and mementos from the 60000 Nicaragua Project - a program that has placed Northport students and New York teachers in Nicaragua to help build playgrounds and schools and deliver educational and medical supplies.

North Carolina Northwest Cabarrus High School, Concord
"Money is our item of the century because it is linked to all of us in one way or another. Money is not a new thing to us. It has been around since the birth of this nation, with even the first settlers coming here in search of gold. Money has its own story and past, and will continue to play a big part in the future…"

North Dakota Beulah Elementary School, Beulah
"We believe children are timeless. It is our hope and dream that children will be free to learn and grow wherever they are in the world." Students submitted a book entitled Shhhh! The Teacher's Coming!, signed by all of the children in the class.

Northern Mariana Islands Tanapag Elementary School, Saipan
"Our 5th grade class voted on 'freedom' to best represent U.S. history in the past and at the end of the 20th century. We choose freedom because it gives us the power to live, learn, and love. Freedom is the best thing everyone has ever had or ever known. It is the #1 idea in our world…"

Ohio New Vienna Elementary School, New Vienna
Students submitted a bound book that has each of their personal statements of hopes and dreams. And includes a pin with the state motto, "The Heart Of It All." They sent a book, One Giant Leap, about Neil Armstrong who was also from a small town in Ohio. It is one of their favorite books.

Oklahoma Jenks East Elementary School, Jenks
Oklahoma students chose the eagle to represent freedom because it is a symbol of the past, the present and will endure in the future. They worked with their art teacher to create an eagle out of construction and origami paper. Each feather is made of origami paper and on it is written a freedom or a right enjoyed by a student in the class. They recorded a song about an eagle they learned in music class and added two original paragraphs explaining their choice of the eagle and the importance of freedom.

Oregon Clackamas High School, Milwaukie
Oregon students submitted a series of individual statements about America at the end of the 20th century. Achievements mentioned include space exploration and landing on the moon, activist teenagers , U.S. international aid during crises, advancements in women's rights, progress in understanding the human genome, the entertainment industry, and the reality of Dr. King's dream.

Pennsylvania Pocono Mountain Intermediate School- North Campus, Tobyhanna
"Telecommunications [is] the most representative idea of the United States at this point in its history. The students admire the technology, freedom, education, creativity and innovation that have enabled mankind to communicate with the most remote areas of our world and our universe…Most of these gifted young people look forward to the future with optimism. Nearly all hope to play a role in improving life for their fellow citizens of the world."

Puerto Rico Demetrio Rivera Marrero Community School, Corozal
(written by the teacher) "At the end of the 20th century, I can see America as a nation that reflects a growth in many areas. In education, we have come so far using technology in our classroom...We can see a nation in growth and in progress hoping that the best will happen to America."

Rhode Island George J. West Elementary School, Providence
Individual statements of hope

South Carolina Petersburg Elementary School, Pageland
"We believe computers represent best what our country has become and will continue to become in the new millennium. More and more technology is being developed which need the use of computers. Even space crafts are worked by computers. Computers are important to people, especially students, who gain knowledge and information by using computers. Computers are our connection to the rest of the world. Computers help countries share ideas and exchange products. Computers help families keep in touch. We don't have to keep things on paper anymore. Computers have changed our world and will keep changing our world in the future."

South Dakota Parkston Elementary School, Parkston
South Dakota students submitted a copy of the November/December 1999 issue of "South Dakota" magazine. The cover story of this issue is entitled "Goodnight 20th Century: What Has Survived South Dakota for All of These Last 100 Years: A Century-Ending Special."

Tennessee McNairy Central High School, Selmer
Tennessee students put together a collage to represent America as the curtain closes on the 20th century. It includes images and words centered around a flag motif rendering of "2000" in the middle. Items or events referenced included: Barbie; a man on the moon; Jesus; President Clinton; computers, credit card; "Americanization;" Mark McGuire; and an Uncle Sam U.S. Army poster.

Texas O.C. Taylor Elementary School, Colleyville
"Our concept is 'Expanding Horizons'..This picture represents the extraordinary advances in communication that have literally and figuratively expanded our horizons resulting in an explosion of knowledge, more opportunities for travel, and demanding greater understanding of diversity.

Utah Clayton Middle School, East Salt Lake City
"For our country and ourselves in the new millennium, we request that we Honor the lessons of our past, Work to fulfill the hopes of our present, Continually learn and alter our aspirations for our futures."

Vermont Hardwick Elementary School, Hardwick
"Opportunity, Equality: our wishes for the new millennium."

Virginia Salem High School, Virginia Beach
"Our class got together and decided that what we would like other generations in the future to know is that they should respect each other. Respect refers to being tolerant of one another's dress, culture, religion, gender, and race. There would be an end to hate crimes and stereotyping because people in the future would have respect for each other..."

Washington Shorecrest High School, Seattle
Students submitted a box decorated with various images and phrases representative of their feelings and attitudes. Within the box are individual statements, a word collage of thoughts on their community, a Millennium Twinkie, a class photo and a timeline of events that have taken place from WWII to the present day.

West Virginia Point Pleasant High School, Point Pleasant
"If one idea was to be selected to represent America at the turn of the century, it would have to be a factor that has consumed our nation through the past several years. As a class, we have decided this element is technology and our continuing reliability upon its services."

Wisconsin Gibraltar Middle School, Fish Creek
Wisconsin students submitted seeds accompanied by an original poem - which explains how the seeds represent democracy, freedom, equality, liberty, justice and peace.

Wyoming Beitel Elementary School, Laramie
"…Baseball is a sport that developed in the late 19th century and has become a symbol of 20th century America…millions of Americans follow baseball closely…Baseball has provided a unique opportunity for members of minority groups to get ahead in American society, and baseball is a sport that, while centered in the United States, has a true international appeal."

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