The judicial branch hears cases that challenge or require interpretation of the legislation passed by Congress and signed by the President. It consists of the Supreme Court and the lower federal courts. Appointees to the federal bench serve for life or until they voluntarily resign or retire.
The Supreme Court is the most visible of all the federal courts. The
number of Justices is determined by Congress rather than the Constitution, and
since 1869, the Court has been composed of one Chief Justice and eight
Associate Justices. Justices are nominated by the President and confirmed by
The United States Court of Appeals
United States laws in force as of January 26th 1994
President and First Lady | Vice President and Mrs. Gore