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3. Implementation - continued

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Table 4 shows the important enabling capabilities for this area of focus.

Table 4. Enabling Capabilities for Weapons of Mass Destruction*
Defeat of hard targets
Enhancement of intelligence
Neutralize military advantages
Seismic systems to detect nuclear testing
Enhancement of intelligence capabilities
Dissuade states from pursuing WMD programs
Chemical and biological weapon detection and control
Reduce incentive for states to embark on WMD programs
Reduce willingness/ability to assist others WMD programs
Detection and characterization of WMD force structure and infrastructure
Development of the Factory of the Future for intermittent
manufacturing of nuclear weapons components
Analysis and Evaluation of Arms Control in Non-proliferation Modalities
Accounting for stocks of WMD-related materials and personnel
Technologies for producing essential nuclear weapons materials
Enhanced experimental capabilities to support essential nuclear testing without underground tests
Passive and active defenses to employment of WMDs by adversaries
Ensure that the core scientific cadre in this area remains vital
Improved computational simulation and predictive capabilities for nuclear weapons
Conduct experiments and develop simulation capabilities to resolve stockpile issues
Maintain capability to provide crisis management/conflict resolution
Characterization of regional nuclear, biological and chemical threats
Develop an extensive predictive capability to resolve stockpile issues
Enhance the effectiveness of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) safeguards
Support for implementation of START, Chemical Weapons Convention, Biological Weapons Convention, the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, as well as other control regimes and treaties
Persuade states it is in their interest to cap or roll back existing Weapons of Mass Destruction programs and capabilities
Increase detection, identification and warning time associated with pursuit of WMD programs

*Not listed in order of importance.

(4.) Science and Technology Program Areas

Table 5 below summarizes the mapping of science and technology program areas to the NSTC priority areas.

Table 5. Key Science & Technology Program Areas

Key: Area 1: Support Our National Military Strategy, Area 2: S&T Applications to Post-Cold War Missions, Area 3: Building International Stability and Preventing Conflict, Area 4: Weapons of Mass Destruction.

Science and Technology Program Areas

DoD Basic Research (6.1) (Areas 1,2,3)
Aerial Measuring System (Areas 1,2,3,4)
Aerospace Propulsion and Power (Areas 1,2,3)
Air/Space Vehicles (Areas 1,2,3)
Atmospheric Release Advisory Capability (Areas 1,2,4)
Battlespace Environments (Area 1)
Biomedical (Areas 1,2,4)
Chemical and Biological Defense (Areas 1,2,4)
Civil Engineering (Areas 1,2)
Clothing, Textiles and Food (Areas 1,2,3)
Command, Control, Communications and Intelligence (Areas 1,2,3,4)
Computing and Software (Areas 1,2,4)
Conventional Arms Control (Areas 1,3)
Conventional Weapons (Areas 1,2,3,4)
Counter Narcotics (Areas 1,2)
Counter Terrorism (Areas 1,2,4)
Directed Energy Weapons (Areas 1,2,4)
Electronic Warfare (Areas 1,2,4)
Electronics (Areas 1,4)
Environmental Quality (Areas 1,4)
Ground Vehicles (Areas 1,2)
Humans Systems Interface (Areas 1,2)
Manpower, Personnel, and Training (Areas 1,4)
Manufacturing Science and Technology (Areas 1,4)
Materials, Processes and Structures (Areas 1,4)
Modeling and Simulation (Areas 1,2,3,4)
Nuclear Defense (Areas 1,4)
Nuclear Emergency Search Team (Areas 1,2,4)
Nuclear Stockpile Stewardship (Areas 1,4)
Other (Areas 1,2)
Sensors (Areas 1,2,3,4)
Solving Global Problems (Areas 1,3)
Special Applications (Areas 1,2)
Surface/Under Surface Vehicles (Areas 1,2)
Technology Cooperation w/Former Adversaries/Industrial Partnering (Areas 1,3,4)

c. Sample Milestone Chart

Figure 2 summarizes some of the major aggregate-level milestones for the national security science and technology program. More detailed plans are available from individual agencies.

Figure 2
Milestone Chart is not all inclusive.

Near Term
Tools and gateways to plan and execute interconnecting classified and unclassified networks for exercise
Demonstrate location-transparent access to data within wide-area distributed file systems
Theater Ballistic Missile target acquisition and 3-D tracking from Space
Near "leak-proof" Ballistic Missile Defense Ground Based Radar (10x coverage)
Demonstrate advanced distributed simulation among the Services
High throughput (155 megabit) dependable communications demonstrated
Reduced weight ballistic protective vest
Detect/neutralize/remove land mines and unexploded ordnance
Refine methods to manage waste from refugee concentrations and mass migrations
Protect and purify water supplies in disaster and refugee situations
Optimize quantity and location of food stockpiles and distribute safely food for humanitarian emergencies
Support CWC and BWC
Support conclusion of verifiable CTBT
Enhance HUMINT and MASINT collection and analysis
Shallow hard underground target defeat
Transparency and control of foreign fissile material
Capability to purchase and dispose of foreign WMD and materials as they become available
Complete Dual-Axis Radiographic Hydrotest Facility (DARHT)
Increase computing speed and memory by 1,000 times
Complete next generation pulsed power facility (ATLAS)

Mid Term
Advanced decision aids seamlessly integrating diverse kinds of reasoning methods and knowledge
Demonstrate high performance distributed applications exploiting computations and resource sharing dispersed over a wide area
Micro-terrain models and Dynamic Environmental models
Demonstrate fully active ground vehicle suspension
Advanced decision aids integrating diverse reasoning methods and knowledge
Joint interoperable multi-media communications
Develop means to improve embargo monitoring
Develop means to improve refugee/migration monitoring
Remote detection and characterization of BW/CW Agents
Underground structures detection and characterization
Detection, tracking, control and accountability for WMD-related materials and personnel
Detect, locate and render harmless WMD in US
Passive defenses enabling continued operations
Rapid production of BW vaccines
Detection and intercept of stealthy cruise missiles
Mobile target kill
Detection and identification of evasively conducted nuclear tests
Reduce cycle time for major nuclear weapons modifications to 24 months

Far Term
Fully integrated HCI collaborative design environment
Deployment of petaop (one thousand teraops) per second processing capability
50% reduction in Imaging Radar Costs
Technology for distributed planning and scheduling in virtual decision environments
Integrated platform electronics and sensors
Battlespace fly-through and automated terrain analysis at small unit level
Disrupt/disable enemy military logistics with minimal casualties
Deploy non-lethal devices for control of hostile crowds
Detect, locate and disarm WMD in the U.S. and abroad
Deep hard underground target defeat
Intercept in boost phase
Detection of nuclear proliferant activities prior to test
Achieve means of maintaining confidence in enduring U.S. Nuclear Weapons Stockpile without resorting to underground testing
Develop new Tritium production capability
Complete National Ignition Facility (NIF)
Complete move to Factory of the Future Zero-Waste Plutonium Processing

d. Funding

Table 6 below shows federal agency funding for national security science and technology.

Table 6. National Security Science & Technology Funding Profile by Agency ($M)

e. Metrics

The Committee for National Security identified two areas for application of metrics to assist in tracking the execution of this Strategic Implementation Plan:

  • Milestone Achievements
  • The stewardship of science and technology in the individual agencies and the agency allocation of resources to science and technology in relation to total agency budgets.

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