The President's Committee of Advisors
on Science &
Neal F. Lane On August
4, 1998, Neal F. Lane was sworn in as Director of the Office of Science and
Technology Policy. Dr. Lane also serves as Assistant to the President for
Science and Technology Policy, often referred to simply as the President's
Immediately prior to his move to the White House, Dr. Lane served as
Director of the National Science Foundation from October of 1993, during which
time he also served as a member of the National Science Board.
Prior to becoming NSF Director, Dr. Lane was Provost and Professor of
Physics at Rice University in Houston, Texas, a position he had held since
1986. His tenure at Rice began in 1966, when he joined the Department of
Physics as an assistant professor. In 1972, he became Professor of
Physics and Space Physics and Astronomy. He left Rice from mid-1984 to
1986 to serve as Chancellor of the University of Colorado at Colorado
Springs. In addition, while on leave from Rice from 1979 to 1980, he
worked for the National Science Foundation as the Director of the Division of
Widely recognized as a scientist and educator, Dr. Lane has published
widely on research topics in atomic and molecular physics and has made numerous
presentations on science and science policy. Early in his career he
received an NSF Post-doctoral Fellowship and an Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Fellowship. He earned Phi Beta Kappa honors in 1960 and was inducted into
Sigma Xi National Research Society in 1964, serving as its president in
1993. While a professor at Rice, he was a two-time recipient of the
University's George R. Brown Prize for Superior Teaching. Dr. Lane
has also received honorary degrees from several institutions of higher
Through his work with scientific and professional organizations and his
participation on review and advisory committees for various Federal and state
agencies. Dr. Lane has contributed to public service throughout his
career. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society, the American
Academy of Arts and Sciences, the American Association for Advancement of
Science and a member of the American Association of Physics Teachers.
Born in Oklahoma City in 1938, Dr. Lane earned his B.S., M.S., and Ph.D.
degrees in physics from the University of Oklahoma. He is married to Jone
Sue (Williams) Lane, has two children Christy Saydjari and John and two
grandchildren Alex and Allia Saydjari.
John A. Young is the former President
and CEO of Hewlett-Packard Co. He currently serves on the Board of
Directors for Wells Fargo, SmithKline Beecham, the Chevron Corporation,
Affymetrix, Lucent Technologies, i-cube, and Vice Chairman and Director of
Mr. Young has a distinguished record as a public servant. He
served as the Chairman of the President's Commission on Industrial
Competitiveness, President of the Foundation for the Malcolm Baldridge National
Quality Award, and a member of the Advisory Committee on Trade Policy and
Negotiations. He is also the founder and former Chairman of the private
sector Council on Competitiveness. He is currently Chairman of the Board
of Smart Valley, Inc.
A native of Idaho, Mr. Young received a degree in Electrical Engineering
from Oregon State University and received his MBA from Stanford
University. He is a member of the National Academy of Engineering.
Norman R. Augustine is former
chairman and CEO of the Lockheed Martin Corporation and serves on the Board of
Directors for Phillips Petroleum, Black and Decker, and Procter &
Gamble. He has accrued more than 35 years of management experience in the
private and public sectors, having formerly worked for Douglas Aircraft and
LTV, as well as holding the post of Under Secretary of the Army from 1975 to
Mr. Augustine is currently serving on the faculty of the Princeton
University School of Engineering and Applied Science.
Born in Denver, Mr. Augustine received both his Bachelors and Masters
degrees in aeronautical engineering from Princeton University.
Francisco J. Ayala is the Donald Bren
Professor of Biological Sciences and Professor of Philosophy at the University
of California, Irvine. He was Chairman of the Board of Directors of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science, and is a member of
National Academy of Sciences and the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
Dr. Ayala has been a member of advisory committees for the Environmental
Protection Agency, the National Science Foundation, and the National Institutes
Dr. Ayala graduated from the University of Madrid, and subsequently
earned his doctorate from Columbia University in New York. He is widely
known for his scholarship on the topics of population, genetics, and evolution.
John Deutch is an Institute
Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He served as
Director of Central Intelligence from May 1995-December 1996. From
1994-1995, he served as Deputy Secretary of Defense and served as
Undersecretary of Defense for Acquisition and Technology 1993-1994.
John Deutch has also serves as Director of Energy Research (1977-1979),
Acting Assistant Secretary for Energy Technology (1979), and Undersecretary
(1979-1980) of, the United States Department of Energy. Mr. Deutch has
been a member of the MIT faculty since 1970, and has served as Chairman of the
Department of Chemistry, Dean of Science and Provost. Mr. Deutch has
published over 120 technical publications in physical chemistry, as well as
numerous publications on technology, international security and public policy
Mr. Deutch earned undergraduate degrees at Amherst and MIT, and his
Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from MIT.
Murray Gell-Mann is a Professor of the
Santa Fe Institute and Co-Chair of its Science Board. He is also the R.A.
Millikan Professor Emeritus of Theoretical Physics at the California Institute
of Technology. He is famous for his research in the area of elementary
particle theory and was awarded the 1969 Nobel Prize in Physics.
Professor Gell-Mann has served on the former President's Science
Advisory Committee, and he is currently a director of the John D. and Catherine
T. MacArthur Foundation. He is a member of the National Academy of
Sciences and a foreign member of the Royal Society.
Professor Gell-Mann was born in New York City, attended Yale University,
and received his Ph.D. in Physics from MIT. He is the recipient of
numerous honorary Doctorates in Science.
David A. Hamburg is President
Emeritus of Carnegie Corporation of New York. He was Professor and
Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry and Reed-Hodgson Professor of Human
Biology at Stanford University; then President of the Institute of Medicine,
National Academy of Sciences; later, he was President, and then Chairman of the
Board of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He has
also served as an advisor to the World Health Organization and the National
Institute of Mental Health.
Dr. Hamburg was born in Evansville, Indiana, and received his M.D. from
John P. Holdren is the Teresa and
John Heinz Professor of Environmental Policy and Director of the Program on
Science, Technology, and Public Policy at the Kennedy School of Government, as
well as Professor of Environmental Science and Public Policy in the Department
of Earth and Planetary Sciences, at Harvard University. A member of the
National Academy of Sciences and Chair of its Committee on International
Security and Arms Control, he has written extensively on energy technology and
policy, global environmental problems and national security issues.
Dr. Holdren was born in Sewickley, PA and grew up in San Mateo,
CA. He was trained in aeronautics and astronautics and in theoretical
plasma physics at MIT and Stanford.
Diana MacArthur is Chair, CEO, and
co-founder of Dynamac Corporation, a firm providing integrated environmental
services, including life sciences consulting, natural resources management, and
hazardous waste engineering. Previously, she served as president of a
Dynamac subsidiary engaged in technology transfer, training, education, and
communications in the areas of health, the environment, and safety. Mrs.
MacArthur is a member of the Advisory Committee to the Center for Strategic and
International Studies and a member of the Council on Competitiveness and the
Business Higher Education Forum.
Mrs. MacArthur was born in Santa Fe, NM, and received her bachelor's
degree from Vassar College.
Shirley M. Malcom is Head of the
Directorate for Education and Human Resources Programs of the American
Association for the Advancement of Science. A former high school teacher
and university professor, she has been nationally recognized for her efforts to
improve educational opportunities for under-represented groups and to promote
broader public understanding of science and technology.
Dr. Malcom is the author of numerous publications on equity and
education, and serves on a number of advisory committees relating to the
evaluation of educational reform. She is a former member of the National
Dr. Malcom received her Ph.D. in ecology from The Pennsylvania State
University, Master's degree in zoology from the University of California, Los
Angeles, and Bachelor's degree with distinction in zoology from the University
Mario J. Molina is the Lee and
Geraldine Martin Professor of Environmental Sciences at the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology. He is a member of the National Academy of
Sciences and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He
has served on federal advisory committees for the National Aeronautics and
Space Administration, the National Science Foundation, and the National
Institutes of Health.
Dr. Molina is a former Senior Research Scientist at the Jet Propulsion
Lab. His area of expertise is chemistry of the stratosphere, and he was a
co-recipient of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for aiding the understanding
of stratospheric ozone depletion.
Dr. Molina was an undergraduate at the Universidad Nacional Autonoma de
Mexico, and he received his Ph.D. in physical chemistry from the University of
Peter H. Raven is Director of the
Missouri Botanical Garden and Engelmann Professor of Botany at Washington
University in St. Louis. He has served as a member of the National
Science Board, is the Home Secretary of the National Academy of Sciences, and
is Chairman of the Report Review Committee of the National Research
Council. He is a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement
of Science. Dr. Raven was the co-recipient of the 1995 United Nations
Environment Programme (UNEP) Sasakawa Environment Prize for his contributions
to the protection and management of the environment.
Dr. Raven is a member of the editorial board of numerous scientific
publications, and has contributed more than 400 articles to professional
journals. He has been awarded 14 honorary degrees in science.
Born in Shanghai, China, Dr. Raven graduated from the University of
California, Berkeley, and received his Ph.D. from UCLA.
Sally K. Ride is a former
astronaut and current Professor of Physics at the University of California, San
Diego. Dr. Ride was the Director of the California Space Institute from
1989-1996. She is an author of three children's books and was a member of
the Presidential Commission on the Space Shuttle Challenger Accident.
Dr. Ride was born in Los Angeles. She studied English and physics
as an undergraduate and earned her Ph.D. in physics, all at Stanford
Judith Rodin is the President of
the University of Pennsylvania, and a professor of psychology, medicine and
psychiatry. Her research interest has focused on the relationship between
psychological and biological processes in human health and behavior.
Dr. Rodin is a member of the board of directors of Electronic Data
Systems Corporation, Aetna Life & Casualty Company and AMR Corporation, and
she is a member of the board of trustees of the Brookings Institution and the
board of directors of Catalyst. She is a fellow of the American
Psychological Association, the Academy of Behavioral Medicine Research, the
American Association for the Advancement of Science, and the Society of
A native of Philadelphia, Dr. Rodin attended the University of
Pennsylvania before receiving her Ph.D. from Columbia University.
Charles A. Sanders is Chairman and
CEO of Glaxo Inc., and a member of the board of Glaxo-Wellcome Holdings,
Merrill Lynch & Co., Reynolds Metals, and Morton International Inc.
He formerly held the position of chief executive officer of the science and
technology division of Squibb Corporation. Previously, he was general
director of Massachusetts General Hospital and professor of medicine at Harvard
Dr. Sanders is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National
Academy complex and serves as Chairman of Project HOPE and the Commonwealth
Dr. Sanders is a native of Dallas and a graduate of the Southwestern
Medical College of the University of Texas.
David E. Shaw is the chairman and chief
executive officer of D. E. Shaw & Co., Inc., a global investment band whose
activities center on various aspects of the intersection between technology and
finance. He also serves as chairman of Juno Online Services, L.P., the
nation's second largest online service, and of Schrodinger, Inc., a provider of
computational chemistry software.
Earlier, Dr. Shaw served on the faculty of the Department of Computer
Science at Columbia University, and as a vice president at Morgan Stanley &
Co. The author of numerous publications on science, technology, and
public policy, he is a member of the Board of Directors of the
American Association for the Advancement of Science, a member of
the Executive Committee of the Council on Competitiveness and a past member of
the Board of Governors of the New York Academy of Sciences.
Dr. Shaw graduated from the University of California, San Diego.
He received his Ph.D. from Stanford University, where his research centered on
massively parallel supercomputing.
Charles M. Vest is President of the
Massachusetts Institute of Technology and a Professor of Mechanical
Engineering. He is a former Provost, Vice President for Academic Affairs,
and Dean of the College of Engineering at the University of Michigan, Ann
Arbor. His research interests are in the areas of heat transfer, fluid
mechanics and optics.
Dr. Vest serves on the Board of Directors for IBM and the E. I. du Pont
de Nemours & Company. He is a trustee of the New England Aquarium and
Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. He is a member of the National
Academy of Engineering, and a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and
Sciences, and of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
Born in Morgantown, West Virginia, Dr. Vest attended the University of
WV before receiving his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the University of
Virginia V. Weldon is Director of the
Center for the Study of American Business at Washington University in St. Louis
and former Senior Vice President for Public Policy for the Monsanto
Company. She is a former professor of pediatrics, Deputy Vice Chancellor
for Medical Affairs, and Vice President of the Medical Center at the Washington
University School of Medicine, St. Louis. She previously served as Chair
of the Assembly of the Association of American Medical Colleges and as a member
of the Board of Directors of Southwestern Bell. She currently is a member
of the Board of Directors for G.D. Searle & Co., The Nutrasweet
Corporation, and the General American Life Insurance Company.
Dr. Weldon is a member of the Institute of Medicine of the National
Academy of Sciences, the Society for Pediatric Research and the American
Pediatric Association. her research interests are in the area of growth
disorders and hormone secretion in children.
Dr. Weldon was born in Toronto, Canada, and is an U.S. citizen.
She received her bachelor's degree from Smith College and her M.D. from the
State University of New York, Buffalo.
Lilian Shiao-Yen Wu Lilian
Shiao-Yen Wu is a Research Scientist and Consultant, Corporate Technical
Strategy Development, IBM. She is also a Director of the International
Institute of Forecasters, and is currently serving on the National Research
Council's Committee on Women in Science and Technology.
Dr. Wu's accomplishments include the development of innovative
mathematical models and statistical methods for business forecasting and
planning, and the implementation of those methods in business
Dr. Wu was born in Beijing, China. She is a graduate of the
University of Maryland at College Park, and received her Ph.D. in Applied
Mathematics from Cornell University.
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on Science and
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