PRESIDENT CLINTON AND VICE PRESIDENT GORE'S ACCOMPLISHMENTS: Ohio
PRESIDENT CLINTON AND VICE PRESIDENT GORE'S
EXPANDING ECONOMIC OPPORTUNITY FOR ALL
- Unemployment Down to 4.2%: The unemployment rate in Ohio has declined from 7.0% to 4.2% since 1993.
- 710,000 New Jobs: 710,000 new jobs have been created in Ohio since 1993 -- an average of 93,626 per year, compared to an average of 27,025 jobs per year during the previous administration.
- 659,400 New Private Sector Jobs: Since 1993, 659,400 new private sector jobs have been created—an average of 86,954 jobs per year, compared to an average of just 18,175 private sector jobs per year in the previous administration.
- 27,200 New Manufacturing Jobs: 27,200 manufacturing jobs have been created in Ohio since 1993 -- an average of 3,587 jobs per year. In contrast, an average of 19,425 manufacturing jobs were lost each year during the previous administration.
- 54,200 New Construction Jobs: 54,200 construction jobs have been created in Ohio since 1993 -- an average of 7,147 jobs per year. In contrast, an average of 1,750 construction jobs were lost each year during the previous administration.
- Poverty Has Fallen: Nationally, the poverty rate has fallen from 15.1% in 1993 to 11.8% in 1999, the lowest level since 1979. In Ohio, the poverty rate has fallen from 13.0% in 1993 to 11.6% in 1999. [Census Bureau]
- 441,000 Have Received a Raise: Approximately 192,000 Ohio workers benefited from an increase in the minimum wage—from $4.25 to $4.75 -- on October 1, 1996. They, along with about 249,000 more received an additional raise—from $4.75 to $5.15 -- on September 1, 1997. President Clinton and Vice President Gore have called on Congress to raise the minimum wage by an additional $1.00 over two years.
- A $500 Child Tax Credit to Help Families Raising Children: To help make it easier for families to raise their children, the balanced budget included a $500 per-child tax credit for children under 17. Thanks to President Clinton, the Balanced Budget delivers a child tax credit to 1,148,000 families in Ohio.
- Homeownership Has Increased in Ohio: Homeownership in Ohio has increased from 68.8% to 70.7% since 1993.
- Home Building Up 2.7%: Home building in Ohio has increased by an average of 2.7% per year since 1993, after falling by over 1.4% per year during the previous administration.
- Ohio's Families Reap Benefits of Deficit Reduction: Public debt is on track to be $2.4 trillion lower in 2000 than was projected in 1993. Debt reduction brings real benefits for the American people -- a family in Ohio with a home mortgage of $100,000 might expect to save roughly $2,000 per year in mortgage payments. Reduced debt also means lower interest rates and reduced payments on car loans and student loans.
- 12.7% Growth in Total Bank Loans and Leases: Ohio has seen a 12.7% average annual growth rate in total bank loans and leases per year since 1993. In contrast, total bank loans and leases grew by an annual average of just 1.9% during the previous administration.
- 13.6% Growth in Commercial and Industrial Loans and Leases: Since 1993, Ohio has experienced a 13.6% average annual growth rate in commercial and industrial loans and leases. In contrast, commercial and industrial loans and leases fell an annual average of 4.9% during the previous administration.
EXPANDING ACCESS TO EDUCATION
- Over 36,400 Children in Head Start: 36,454 Ohio children were enrolled in Head Start in 1999. In FY00, Ohio will receive $198.5 million in Head Start funding, an increase of $87.6 million over 1993.
- More High-Quality Teachers With Smaller Classes for Ohio's Schools: Thanks to the Class Size Reduction Initiative, Ohio received $46 million in 1999 to hire about 1,186 new, well-prepared public school teachers and reduce class size in the early grades. President Clinton secured funding for a second installment of the plan, giving Ohio an additional $50 million in 2000.
- $18 Million in Goals 2000 Funding: This year [FY00], Ohio receives $18 million in Goals 2000 funding. This money is used to raise academic achievement by raising academic standards, increasing parental and community involvement in education, expanding the use of computers and technology in classrooms, and supporting high-quality teacher professional development. [Education Department, 12/3/99]
- Nearly $16 Million for Technology Literacy: This year [FY00], Ohio receives $15.9 million for the Technology Literacy Challenge Fund which helps communities and the private sector ensure that every student is equipped with the computer literacy skills needed for the 21st century.
- $307.4 Million for Students Most in Need: Ohio receives $307.4 million in Title I Grants (to Local Educational Agencies) providing extra help in the basics for students most in need, particularly communities and schools with high concentrations of children in low-income families [FY00]. This includes $5.2 million in accountability grants, to help states and school districts turn around the worst performing schools and hold them accountable for results.
- $262.6 Million in Pell Grants: This year [FY00], Ohio will receive $262.6 million in Pell Grants for low-income students going to college, benefiting 133,958 Ohio students.
- Expanded Work-Study To Help More Students Work Their Way Through College: The FY00 budget includes a significant expansion of the Federal Work Study program. Ohio will receive $35.9 million in Work-Study funding in 2000 to help Ohio students work their way through college.
- Over 4,600 Have Served in Ohio through AmeriCorps: Since the National Service program began in 1993, 4,601 AmeriCorps participants have earned money for college while working in Ohio's schools, hospitals, neighborhoods or parks. [through 2/00]
- Tuition Tax Credits in Balanced Budget Open the Doors of College and Promote Lifelong Learning: The balanced budget included both President Clinton's $1,500 HOPE Scholarship to help make the first two years of college as universal as a high school diploma and a Lifetime Learning Tax Credit for college juniors, seniors, graduate students and working Americans pursuing lifelong learning to upgrade their skills. This 20% tax credit will be applied to the first $5,000 of tuition and fees through 2002 and to the first $10,000 thereafter. 216,000 students in Ohio will receive a HOPE Scholarship tax credit of up to $1,500. 263,000 students in Ohio will receive the Lifetime Learning Tax Credit. [fully phased-in FY-2000 estimate]
- Expanded Job Training to Ohio's Dislocated Workers: President Clinton's FY 2001 budget would triple funding for the dislocated workers program over 1992 levels. Ohio received $31.4 million in 1999 to help 18,580 dislocated workers get the training and reemployment services they need to return to work as quickly as possible. In FY 2000, Ohio will receive over $30.8 million to provide job training services for dislocated workers.
FIGHTING CRIME AND VIOLENCE
- Violent Crime Falls 16% in Ohio: Under the Clinton-Gore Administration, America has experienced the longest continuous drop in crime on record. Since 1992, serious crime in Ohio has fallen 16%. In Ohio's cities, between 1992 and 1997, serious crime, as indicated by the crime index, has declined 13% in Cleveland, 16% in Dayton and 6% in Toledo. In addition, murder has also declined 51% in Cleveland, 26% in Columbus, 40% in Dayton and 42% in Toledo. [1992 and 1997 Uniform Crime Reports]
- Juvenile Arrests Down in Ohio: Ohio's juvenile violent crime arrests have decreased 26% between 1992 and 1997, with Ohio's juvenile murder arrests dropping 51 %. [FBI, Uniform Crime Report, 1992 and 1997]
- 3,374 More Police: The President's 1994 Crime Bill has funded 3,374 new police officers to date in communities across Ohio. [through 7/00]
- Cleveland Will Receive Targeted Funding to Hire More Community Police: Cleveland was selected as a pilot city for the President's new effort to target high crime neighborhoods. The pilot program will provide full funding for new officers by waiving the usual matching requirements. Cleveland will deploy new officers to help meet the unique needs of its community, such as combating gangs or targeting drug "hot spots."
- Reducing Crime with Drug Courts: Working to reduce drug-related crime in Ohio, the Clinton Administration has awarded Drug Court grants to the communities of Cleveland, Dayton, Lancaster, Mansfield, Toledo and Youngstown. The Administration had previously awarded grants to a number of Ohio communities including: Akron, Chillicothe, St. Clairsville, Unrichville, Batavia, Canton, Columbus, Hamilton, Sandusky and Warren. Drug courts use the coercive power of the criminal justice system to combine drug testing, sanctions, supervision and treatment to push nonviolent, drug-abusing offenders to stop using drugs and committing crimes.
- $49.3 Million to Combat Domestic Violence: Through the Violence Against Women Act, Ohio has received approximately $49.3 million in federal funds to establish more women's shelters and bolster law enforcement, prosecution and victims' services. [through 9/2000]
- Over $2.4 Million in Grants for Battered Women and Children: In FY99, Ohio received over $2.4 million in HHS's Family Violence Prevention Program grants to assist women and children fleeing domestic abuse.
- $16.8 Million to Keep Drugs & Violence Out of Ohio's Schools: Ohio receives $16.8 million in FY00 for the Safe & Drug Free Schools Program, which invests in school security and drug prevention programs.
MOVING OHIOANS FROM WELFARE TO WORK
- 461,703 Fewer People on Welfare: There are 461,703 fewer people on welfare in Ohio now than there were at the beginning of 1993 -- a decrease of 64%. [through 6/99]
- Child Support Collections Up 73%: Child support collections have increased by $486 million—or 73% -- in Ohio since FY92. [through FY98]
- Encouraging Responsible Choices—Preventing Teen Pregnancy in Ohio: Since 1993, President Clinton and Vice President Gore have supported innovative and promising teen pregnancy prevention strategies, with significant components of the strategy becoming law in the 1996 Personal Responsibility Act. The law requires unmarried minor parents to stay in school and live at home or in a supervised setting; encourages "second chance homes" to provide teen parents with the skills and support they need; and provides $50 million a year in new funding for state abstinence education activities. Efforts are making a difference, adolescent pregnancy rates and teen abortion rates are declining. And between 1991 and 1997, teen birth rates declined 17.7% in Ohio.
- $21.9 Million for Ohio Welfare-to-Work: In 1999 and 1998, a total of $21.9 million in competitive grants were awarded to Ohio localities to support innovative welfare-to-work strategies. Part of the President's comprehensive efforts to move recipients from welfare to work, this funding was included in the $3 billion welfare to work fund in the 1997 Balanced Budget Act.
- Helping People Get to Work: Through the Access to Jobs initiative, the Clinton-Gore Administration is working with communities across the country to design transportation solutions to help welfare recipients and other low-income workers get to and from work. Cleveland, Cincinnati, Toledo, Akron, Dayton, Columbus, Youngstown, Newark, Zanesville, Bucyrus, and Washington County have received a total of $4.5 million this year to fund innovative transit projects.
INVESTING IN OHIO'S HEALTH
- Health Care for Over 83,600 Uninsured Ohio Children: In 1997, President Clinton passed the largest single investment in health care for children since 1965 -- an unprecedented $24 billion over five years to cover as many as five million children throughout the nation. This investment guarantees the full range of benefits that children need to grow up strong and healthy. Two million children nationwide have health care coverage thanks to the President's plan, including 83,688 in Ohio. [HHS, Health Care Financing Administration, FY99 SCHIP enrollment data]
- Helping Over 245,000 Ohio Women and Children with WIC: The Clinton Administration is committed to full funding in the Special Nutrition Program for Women, Infants and Children (WIC). In FY99, Ohio received $121.3 million in total WIC grant funding, helping 245,629 women, infants and children in need receive health and food assistance. [through 8/99]
- More Toddlers Are Being Immunized: As a result of the President's 1993 Childhood Immunization Initiative, childhood immunization rates have reached an historic high. According to the CDC, 90% or more of America's toddlers received the most critical doses of each of the routinely recommended vaccines in 1996, 1997, and again in 1998 —surpassing the President's 1993 goal. In Ohio in 1998, 94% of two-year olds received the vaccines for diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis; 91% received the vaccine for polio; 92% received the vaccine for measles, and 96% received the vaccine for Haemophilus influenzae B, the bacteria causing a form of meningitis.
- Funding for HIV/AIDS Assistance Programs: In FY 2000, Ohio will receive over $5.1 million in Ryan White Title II formula grants. This funding provides people living with HIV and AIDS medical and support services. Also through the Ryan White Act, Ohio will receive over $7.7 million for state AIDS Drug Assistance Programs (ADAPs), which help those without insurance obtain much needed prescription drugs. There has been a tenfold increase in ADAP funding in the last four years, up from $52 million in 1996 to $528 million in 2000. [HHS, Health Resources and Services Administration, 4/7/00]
- Tobacco Plan Will Cut Smoking and Premature Deaths by 45% in Ohio: The Clinton Administration's tobacco proposal, combined with the recently enacted state tobacco settlements, will cut youth smoking and resulting premature deaths 45% in Ohio by 2004. Between 2000 and 2004, 184,900 of Ohio's youth will be kept from smoking and 59,200 will be spared a premature tobacco-related death. [Treasury Dept., 2/99]
- 5,960,000 Americans in Ohio Cannot Be Assured They Have Patient Protections: Even if Ohio enacted all the protections in the Patients' Bill of Rights, 5,960,000 people in Ohio cannot be assured they have the comprehensive patient protections recommended by the President's Advisory Commission. This is because the Employee Retirement Income Security Act (ERISA) may preempt state-enacted protections. That is why the President has called on Congress to pass a federally enforceable patients' bill of rights so that everyone enrolled in managed care may have a basic set of protections. Notably, 2,940,000 Ohio women are in ERISA health plans and are therefore not necessarily protected. Women are particularly vulnerable without these protections because they are greater users of health care services, they make three-quarters of the health care decisions for their families, and they have specific health care needs addressed by a patients' bill of rights.
CARING FOR OUR VETERANS
- Invested More Than $1.5 Billion in Ohio's Veterans: President Clinton and Vice President Gore are committed to caring for Ohio's 1.2 million veterans. The Veterans Administration invested more than $1.5 billion in Ohio in 1999 alone. In 1999, 116,901 Ohio veterans received disability compensation or pension payments, more than 10,400 went to college on the GI Bill, and 13,569 bought a home using VA loan guarantees.
- Providing Health Care for Ohio's Veterans: Since 1993, the VA health system has increased the number of patients treated every year by over 29 percent; treated 83 percent more homeless patients; organized approximately 1,300 sites of care delivery under 22 Veterans Integrated Service Networks; and established more than 250 new community-based outpatient clinics. In Ohio, VA operates major medical centers in Cincinnati, Cleveland, Chillicothe, and Dayton, a large freestanding outpatient clinic in Columbus, and 17 community outpatient clinics. In 1999, 115,370 veterans received health care in Ohio's VA facilities.
PROTECTING THE ENVIRONMENT
- 16 Toxic Waste Sites Cleaned Up: Since 1993, the EPA has completed 16 Superfund toxic waste clean-ups in Ohio. That is more than two and a half times the number of sites cleaned up during the previous twelve years combined. [through 3/1/00]
- $24.8 Million in Safe Drinking Water Funding: This year [FY00], thanks to President Clinton, Ohio will receive $24.8 million for the Drinking Water State Revolving Funds to provide low-interest loans to municipalities to build, improve, and prevent pollution of drinking water systems.
- Revitalizing Brownfields Projects in Ohio: As part of the Clinton-Gore Administration's efforts to clean up Brownfields, the EPA has awarded grants to communities in Ohio—Cincinnati, Cleveland, Columbus, Dayton, Hamilton, Springfield, Toledo, Lima, Southern Ohio Port Authority, Cuyahoga County (Cleveland), and Youngstown, Campbell and Struthers—for economic revitalization. These projects are intended to jump-start local clean-up efforts by providing funds to return unproductive, abandoned, contaminated urban properties to productive use.
- Protecting Lake Erie and 5,000 Miles of Ohio Streams: Ohio is receiving $167 million from the USDA's Conservation Reserve Enhancement Program (CREP), as well as $34 million from State and non-federal sources, to protect Lake Erie and 5,000 miles of Ohio streams by reducing soil erosion and runoff pollution in a proposed 67,000 acres in northwest Ohio watersheds. This will protect the environment and ensure safe drinking water for the people of Ohio. CREP is a new voluntary initiative where the Agriculture Department partners with State governments and local interests to address local environmental problems related to agriculture.
SPEARHEADING URBAN RENEWAL EFFORTS
- Revitalizing Ohio's Communities: Cleveland was designated an Enterprise Community in December 1994, and was awarded $3 million to create more jobs, housing, and economic opportunity for city residents. It was later declared a Supplemental Empowerment Zone, and was awarded $177 million for similar efforts. Additionally, Akron, Columbus, and Greater Portsmouth were all designated Enterprise Communities, and were awarded $3 million to create economic opportunity for area residents. In 1999, Cincinnati, Columbus, and Ironton were designated New Urban Empowerment Zones.
- Expanding the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Will Help Develop 6,400 To 7,700 New Affordable Housing Units in Ohio Over the Next 5 Years: Last year, the President and Vice President pushed for a 40-percent expansion in the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit. This year, the President and Vice President will try again to enact tax incentives to develop affordable housing. In Ohio alone, this proposal would mean an additional 6,400 - 7,700 quality rental housing units for low-income American families during the next five years.
PROVIDING DISASTER RELIEF
- $139.9 Million in Federal Emergency Assistance: Since 1993, Ohio has received $139.9 million in disaster relief. This includes $41 million for severe storms, flooding, and tornadoes in 1998, and $12.4 million in assistance to recover from severe flooding that occurred in January 1996. [FEMA, 2/29/00]
EXPANDING FUNDS FOR TRANSPORTATION IMPROVEMENT
- Nearly $3.2 Billion in Federal Highway Aid: Since 1993, Ohio has received $3.2 billion in federal highway aid, including $47.9 million for emergency relief in response to disasters and $800,000 for scenic byways. These funds have helped generate 130,917 jobs. [through FY99]
- Over $299.4 Million in Aviation Funds: From FY93-FY99 Ohio received over $299.4 million in Airport Improvement Program funds to help build and renovate airports, and, when necessary, to provide funds for noise abatement to improve the quality of life for residents who live near airports.
- Over $884.6 Million in Transit Funds: The Federal Transit Administration has provided over $884.6 million in funding since 1993 to support mass transportation in Ohio. Special projects include $3.2 million and $7.6 million, respectively, for Livable Communities projects in Cleveland and Columbus.
- Saving Lives and Property: In 1999, the United States Coast Guard saved 81 lives and over $17.3 million of property in Ohio.