Snapshot of Ghana
Ghana is located on West Africa's Gulf of Guinea only a few degrees north of theEquator. To the south is 330 miles of coastline. To the north, Ghana shares a border withBurkina Faso. To the west is the Ivory Coast, and to the east is Togo.
Ghana covers approximately 92,000 square miles, about the size of Illinois and Indianacombined.
The topography of Ghana is varied. There are plains and scrublands, rainforests andsavannas.
The climate of Ghana is tropical. The eastern coastal belt is warm and dry, while thesouthwest corner is hot and humid. There are two distinct rainy seasons in the south,while in the north, these two rainy seasons tend to merge.
There are about 18 million people in Ghana. Most of the population of Ghana belongs tothree ethnic groups: Akan, Ewe, and Ga.
The official language of Ghana is English. However 44% of the population speaks Akan,16% speak Mole-Dagbani, 13% speak Ewe, and 8% speak Ga-Adangbe.
A plurality (35%) of Ghanaians are Christians. 31% of Ghanaians practice indigenousbeliefs, 27% are Muslim, and 7% practice other faiths.
Accra is the capital city of Ghana. Accra is a large city with a metropolitan areapopulation of approximately 3 million. Other large cities in Ghana are Kumasi, Tema, andSekondi-Takoradi.
Ghana achieved independence from Britain in 1957. Like the Unites States the Ghanaiangovernment has three branches of government: executive, legislative, and judiciary. Likethe United States, Ghana has a President who is elected to a maximum of two four-yearterms. There is a single-chamber Parliament, whose members are elected to four-year terms.As in the United States, Ghana has a Supreme court with justices who are nominated by thePresident, but must be approved by the legislature.
The majority of Ghana's workforce is engaged in farming. Cocoa is thecountry's biggest export, and other exports include aluminum, gold, timber, anddiamonds. The Ghanaian economy benefits from an industrial base that is relativelyadvanced among the countries of the region. Tourism is an important and growing source offoreign income for Ghana. In 1997, tourism ranked third among the sources of foreigncapital.
The flag of Ghana contains three horizontal stripes of red, gold, and green, with ablack star in the center of the gold stripe.